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Oncology Abstracts (2019) 1 P013 | DOI: 10.1530/oncolabs.1.P013

PacRim7 7th PacRim Meeting Poster Presentations (1) (52 abstracts)

Single cell transcriptome analysis reveals human prostate cancer cells upregulate retinoic acid signalling in response to androgen withdrawal

Ashlee K Clark 1, , Hieu Nim 3, , Natalie Lister 1, , Mitchell G Lawrence 1, , Shivakumar Keerthikumar 5, , David L Goode 5, , MURAL 1 , Hong Wang 1, , Melissa Papargiris 1, , Andrew Ryan 8 , Arun Azad 6, , Mark Frydenberg 1, , Gail P Risbridger 1, & Renea A Taylor 1,

1Monash Partners Comprehensive Cancer Consortium, Monash Biomedicine Discovery Institute Cancer Program, Prostate Cancer Research Group, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia; 2Department of Anatomy and Developmental Biology, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia; 3Faculty of Information Technology, Monash University, Victoria 3800, Australia; 4Australian Regenerative Medicine Institute, Monash University, Victoria 3800, Australia; 5Prostate Cancer Research Program, Cancer Research Division, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria 3000, Australia; 6Sir Peter MacCallum Department of Oncology, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria 3010, Australia; 7Computational Cancer Biology Program, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, Victoria 3000, Australia; 8TissuPath, Mount Waverley, Victoria, 3149, Australia; 9School of Clinical Sciences, Department of Medicine, Monash University, Victoria 3168, Australia; Prostate Cancer Research Program, Cancer Research Division, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria 3000, Australia; 10Department of Surgery, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria 3800, Australia; 11Department of Physiology, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia.

A current challenge in cancer therapeutics is incomplete response to treatment and emergence of therapy-resistant disease. Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT), the standard treatment for advanced prostate cancer, and effectively reduces the tumour burden in most patients. Yet, residual tumour cells that withstand ADT eventually develop lethal castration-resistance. Eliminating these castrate-tolerant cells, by combining ADT with other treatments, might delay or even prevent castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). Clinical trial evidence supports this notion, with the CHAARTED and STAMPEDE studies showing that combining ADT with upfront docetaxel improves the overall survival of men with metastatic prostate cancer. These studies suggest that chemotherapeutics and other AR-targeted therapies target a population of cells that are not sensitive to castration alone. Therefore, we hypothesise that more effective co-targeting strategies could eliminate castrate-tolerant cells and improve outcomes for men with advanced prostate cancer. To identify signalling pathways that facilitate the survival of castrate-tolerant cells, we used prostate cancer patient-derived xenografts (PDXs) and single-cell transcriptomics. We show that a subpopulation of castrate-tolerant cells exist in multifocal regions of low, intermediate and high risk tumors, and can survive long-term castration. Castrate-tolerant cells significantly upregulate components of the retinoic acid signalling pathway, including CRABP2 (Cellular Retinoic Acid Binding Protein 2) and RARRES3 (Retinoic Acid Receptor Responder 3). Pre-clinical studies with PDX-derived organoids showed that inhibiting retinoic acid signalling stimulates the growth of castrate-tolerant cells and renders them sensitive to docetaxel treatment. Altogether, these data show that specific signalling pathways are up-regulated in castrate-tolerant cells, including retinoic acid signalling, providing rational co-targeting strategies to improve the efficacy of ADT and delay or prevent progression to CRPC.

Volume 1

7th International Pacific Rim (PacRim) Breast and Prostate Cancer Meeting

17 Mar 2019 - 20 Mar 2019

PacRim Breast and Prostate Cancer Group 

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